manusia dan islam
An Islamic History of Europe
The History of Islam in Europe
Europe and the realm of Islam have had close relations with each other for centuries. First, the state of Andalusia (756-1492) on the Iberian Peninsula, and later the Crusades (1095-1291) and the Ottoman capture of the Balkans (1389), brought about a constant interrelation between the two societies. Many historians and sociologists assert today that Islam was the leading cause of Europe’s movement from the darkness of its Middle Ages to the brilliance of its Renaissance. At a time when Europe was backward in medicine, astronomy, mathematics, and many other fields, Muslims possessed a vast treasure of knowledge and great possibilities of development.
The first event that made Europeans aware of Islam’s coming important place in their lives was the caliph ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab’s capture of Jerusalem (638). This caused Europe to realize for the first time that Islam was spreading and approaching its own borders. The main reason for the Crusades, launched four centuries later, was to take Jerusalem back from the Muslims. But the Crusaders who set out for this purpose gained something else, for the contact they made with the Muslim world was the first step toward Europe’s rebirth. Dominated by darkness, conflict, war, and despotism, Europe encountered the Islamic world’s advanced civilization and saw that its inhabitants were both highly prosperous and civilized, as well as quite advanced in the fields of medicine, astronomy, and mathematics as in their social lives. They also saw that values rarely found in Europe at that time (e.g., pluralism, tolerance, understanding, compassion, and self-sacrifice) were aspects of the high morality expressed by Muslims, who were aware of their religious responsibilities.
Meanwhile, as the Crusades continued, European societies also had relations with a Muslim society much closer to home: the Muslim kingdom of Andalusia, located in the southern part of their own continent. Andalusia had a great cultural influence upon Europe until its demise in the late fifteenth century. Many historians who have studied Andalusia’s influence upon Europe agree that this kingdom, with its social structure and high level of civilization, was far more advanced than the rest of Europe, and that it was one of the principle factors in the development of European civilization. Wacth The full movies to know more.
Di dalam filem dokumentari ini menceritakan sejarah bagaimana Islam bermula dan berkembang di Eropah. Kisah Andalusia yang menjadi tempat pemikir-pemikir Islam bekembang. Di dalam filem ini juga menceritakan bagaimana kejatuhan Islam di Eropah dan banyak perkara dan sejarah yang kita tidak ketahui… SELAMAT MENONTON.
manusia dan islam